The British Shorthair originated in the United Kingdom and has grown into one of the most popular breeds in the world.

British shorthair cat: care and features of the breed

British shorthair cat: history of the breed

These cats were originally known as "European Shorthairs". Valued for their hunting skills, they helped control the rodent population on farms and in homes. They were bred for the purpose of practical use, and not because of their appearance.  

British Shorthairs began to gain popularity in the 19th century. During the Victorian era, cat shows became popular. They were crossed with other breeds: Persian, Russian Blue, to develop desired traits, such as a strong body, thick coat, a characteristic round muzzle with chubby cheeks.

The first official cat show in the UK was held in 1871 and British Shorthairs were shown as "British Blues". The breed has received recognition and admiration. However, their popularity waned during the World Wars, when breeders faced food shortages, the breed's numbers declined.

After the Second World War, dedicated breeders worked tirelessly to revive the British Shorthair breed. In 1948, it was officially recognized by the Cat Fanciers' Governing Council (GCCF) in the United Kingdom.

Introduced to the United States in the 1960s, the breed was recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) in 1980. Since then, the popularity of the breed has been steadily growing throughout the world.

Known for their characteristic appearance, charming character. They are medium to large sized cats with a stocky, muscular body, thick plush coats of various colors, patterns, the most famous of which are blue or gray coats. Their round head with large round eyes, sweet, smiling expression gives them a charming look. They usually get along well with children and other pets. 

In recent years, British Shorthairs have gained popularity on social media, and their sweet looks and calm nature have captured the hearts of cat lovers around the world. 

British shorthair cat: description, colors

The British Shorthair, with its thick plush coat, stocky build, and large, round eyes, is often referred to as a teddy bear. 

It is a medium to large sized breed with a well built, muscular body. They have a broad, rounded head with a short, broad muzzle, a characteristic "smile" caused by pronounced cheeks. The eyes are large, round, and usually bright copper or orange, giving them a sweet and innocent expression.

One of its most notable features is its coat: short, thick and plush, with a luxurious texture that is often compared to velvet. Fur comes in a variety of colors, patterns, including blue, black, white, cream, red, chocolate, lilac, as well as striped, tortoiseshell. The most famous color is the classic "British Blue" (a solid gray-blue color).

British shorthair cat: character

The British Shorthair is a breed that exudes regal grace and charm. Now let's find out what her character is:

Laid-back and easy-going

They are relaxed, unhurried in their movements, content to dawdle with calm curiosity. Usually they are not too demanding, not irritable, but prefer a calm and peaceful environment.. This makes them ideal pets for busy owners or those who appreciate the company of a calm companion.

Affectionate and loyal

Despite their independent nature, they are also known for their affectionate, devoted nature. They form strong bonds with their human companions and enjoy spending time with them. They often follow their owners around the house, seeking their attention and affection. 

Playful and smart

They are known to be skilled hunters and love to play with toys that allow them to show off their natural instincts. They are intelligent cats and are capable of learning new tricks or games. 

reserved and observant

This is a reserved, observant breed. Usually they are not too loud, but prefer to communicate using body language, facial expressions. They carefully observe their surroundings, often taking the time to assess the situation before making a move. This discreet nature adds to their regal aura.

Good with children and other pets

They get along well with children and other pets, making them excellent pets. They have a patient and gentle nature, and can endure the playful antics of children without becoming irritated. They also get along well with other cats and dogs as they are sociable and easy to get along with. However, proper introduction and socialization is important when a Brit enters a home with other pets.

Independent and unpretentious

One of the reasons for their popularity is their unpretentiousness, independent character. They have a thick, short coat that requires minimal grooming. They are also independent cats who are comfortable spending time alone. making them suitable pets for those who are active or work hard.

British shorthair cat: care information

The British cat is a breed that requires proper care and maintenance to stay healthy and happy. 

Care needs

They have a short, plush coat that is usually easy to care for, but brushing once or twice a week is recommended to prevent matting. This will also help remove loose hair and reduce the risk of hairballs. Use a soft-bristled brush or glove to groom the coat, paying special attention to the areas behind the ears, under the chin and around the tail.

They are prone to problems with their teeth, so they need care. Brush regularly with cat-friendly toothpaste and brush, or give them chews or toys to keep their teeth clean.

Power Requirements

Proper nutrition is critical to health and well-being. It is important to provide a balanced and nutritious diet that meets specific needs. They tend to be overweight, so you need to monitor their weight, avoid overfeeding. Feed high quality food appropriate for their age, size and activity level. Don't give them table scraps or too many treats, as this leads to obesity and other health problems. Make sure you have access to clean fresh water. Hydration is important for their digestion, urinary tract health.


Despite their stocky appearance, they are playful and active. Regular exercise is important for their physical and mental development. Provide them with play opportunities, interactive toys, feather sticks and scratching posts. Set aside time each day to play with your pet to help release energy.

Health Issues

Healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain problems. Regular visits to the veterinarian for examination, vaccination, and prevention are necessary. Watch for any changes in behavior or appetite, as these may be signs of health problems.

What do they get sick

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) : HCM is a common heart disease affecting cats. This is a condition in which the walls of the heart thicken, which can lead to a decrease in the ability to pump blood efficiently. HCM may be asymptomatic or manifest as difficulty breathing, lethargy, and loss of appetite. It can be diagnosed with echocardiography and treated with medications that help control the condition and maintain quality of life.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PCD) : PCD is a genetic disorder that affects the kidneys, leading to the development of cysts. Over time, these cysts can grow in size and number, which ultimately affects the ability of the kidneys to function properly. Polycystic kidney disease can be diagnosed with an ultrasound and managed with dietary changes, medications, and supportive care to slow the progression of the disease.
  • Obesity : tend to gain weight easily due to low activity levels, love of food. Obesity can lead to various health problems such as joint problems, diabetes, and heart disease. It is important to monitor their diet, provide regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Dental Problems : Can be prone to dental problems such as gingivitis and periodontal disease due to their short, brachycephalic muzzle and crowded teeth. Regular dental care, including brushing your teeth, providing dental services, and scheduling professional dental cleanings, can help prevent problems and maintain good oral health.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) : Females may be prone to developing polycystic ovaries, resulting in hormonal imbalances and reproductive problems. This condition can cause irregular estrus cycles, fertility problems, and other complications. 
  • Respiratory Problems : Like other brachycephalic breeds, they can be prone to respiratory problems due to their short, flattened muzzles. They may experience difficulty breathing, snoring, sneezing. It is important to provide a well ventilated environment and avoid situations that can cause stress.