What hormones do you need to maintain at normal levels? What is normal? And how to determine the onset of hormonal disorders?

The main hormones in the female body, the level of which must be monitored

Many people talk about the importance of hormones. Hormone replacement therapy has become very popular. And which hormones are most important for women and why should they be maintained at a normal level? 

The most important hormones

Sex hormones affect women's health the most. - progestins and estrogens . The latter include a group of hormones that are synthesized by ovarian follicles. Estradiol is considered the main one, which prevails in healthy women of childbearing age. It regulates the menstrual cycle, controls sweating and water-salt metabolism, stimulates the immune system, and is responsible for skin health and bone strength.

Progestins include progesterone, which is also produced by the ovaries, but in a different phase of the menstrual cycle. This hormone controls the ability to conceive and all stages of pregnancy. The hormones of the pituitary gland regulate the synthesis of progesterone and estrogen: FSH, LH and prolactin. FSH prompts the ovaries to produce estrogens, and LH promotes follicle rupture and excretion of the corpus luteum. Prolactin is activated during pregnancy by stimulating the growth of the mammary glands and the production of breast milk.

Hormones are closely related not only to the reproductive system, but also to the state of the whole organism as a whole., therefore, hormonal imbalances can affect the work of several organs at once.

Why is the correct level of hormones important and which one is considered correct

When monitoring the concentration of any hormone, the woman's condition should be taken into account. For example, during pregnancy, the prolactin level rises 15 times. But if there is no pregnancy, a high rate may be associated with a pituitary tumor. The increase in progesterone leads to bleeding and the formation of cysts. Disruptions in the synthesis of FSH and LH reduce the possibility of conception, disrupting the cycle and interfering with the maturation of eggs. Excess estrogen can cause thrush and, at high concentrations, lead to the formation of tumors.

Decreased production of sex hormones also leads to poor health. A decrease in the amount of estrogen - one of the components in the pathogenesis of obesity, can cause the progression of existing diabetes mellitus, hypertension. Estrogen deficiency is the main cause of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Lack of estradiol and progesterone leads to a deterioration in psycho-emotional and physical condition.An imbalance of these hormones is the main cause of infertility and miscarriage., therefore, even at the planning stage, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist, if necessary, check hormones.


A gynecologist and endocrinologist is engaged in the diagnosis of hormonal disruptions. For the prevention of endocrine diseases, it is recommended to undergo an examination twice a year.If you suspect a problem with hormone synthesis, your doctor will prescribe a blood test . The accuracy of the assessment of the hormonal background depends on the time of delivery of the analysis, therefore it is carried out twice, in different phases of the menstrual cycle.

Signs of hormonal disorders

The main signs are:

  1. Disruptions of the menstrual cycle;
  2. trouble sleeping during the premenstrual and menstrual periods;
  3. soreness of menstruation;
  4. a sharp change in weight;
  5. skin problems;
  6. hair loss or excessive hair growth on the body;
  7. causeless fatigue;
  8. fast fatiguability;
  9. changes in libido.

Most of the manifestations are similar to symptoms of other diseases, so it is important not to self-medicate and be sure to consult a doctor.