When you need to get rid of acne, fine wrinkles and even out the complexion, peelings are the first thing to remember from all procedures. And for good reason: they really work! We will tell you which chemical peel is better.

Which chemical peel is better: choose with a beautician

Chemical peels are among the most popular among salon rejuvenating procedures. And this is not surprising. First, they really work... Secondly, the effect of many is noticeable immediately after the procedure and every day it only grows. Thirdly, the variety of types allows you to choose for different skin types and taking into account a specific problem (rashes, decreased tone, facial wrinkles, pigmentation, traces of acne). Fourthly, against the background of hardware or injection techniques, peels are quite affordable.

Peels are actively used in cosmetology a couple of decades ago... But the people began to make them even earlier: our grandmothers and great-grandmothers, when they prepared face masks with strawberries or lemon, which contain fruit (aha) acids, also essentially made peels!

Homemade masks "from the garden" are still popular. Of course, they cannot be compared in efficiency with salon ones, which work at the level of the epidermis or dermis, and, depending on the type, eliminate wrinkles, acne and scars. But as a means of additional skin care, natural masks can well be used. True, they are best done in season to get the maximum vitamins from berries and fruits.

Which chemical peel is best?

Although chemical peeling is the application of various types of chemicals to the skin in order to stimulate skin renewal, we are not always talking about acids... It can also be hydrogen peroxide, phenol, or retinol. Substances that damage the upper layers of the epidermis to the right extent, and cause cells to actively divide. As a result, new young layers of the epidermis appear, and the skin is actively rejuvenated.

Chemical peels for the face: types

Peelings are for professional and home use.The difference between them is in the concentration of active substances. If you overdo it with the frequency of use, or, for example, keep the product longer than the prescribed time, you can cause serious skin burns. Therefore, in professional peels that a doctor applies to the skin, the concentration of the drug is high, and in home care it is significantly reduced. 

Professional face peeling: types

  • Conventionally, professional peels are divided into three groups: superficial, median and deep. Surface exfoliate the horny cells of the epidermis, and do not penetrate deeply. They even out skin texture, improve complexion, help shrink pores and have a mild anti-aging effect. The indications for them may be a gray complexion, slight pigmentation, traces of acne, the first signs of skin aging. 

  • Median peels damage the skin to the basal layer, that is, deep enough. They usually have a rehabilitation period: severe redness, swelling, burning sensation, but they give pronounced results of rejuvenation, making the skin smooth and coping with wrinkles. 

  • Deep peelings are carried out only in a hospital environment, since the effect on the skin occurs very deeply - to the papillary layer of the dermis. They are carried out under the constant supervision of a doctor and have a long rehabilitation period, but they can cope with even the most serious cicatricial deformities. 

What kind of acid peels are there?

  • Most Popular - based on salicylic and mandelic acid... They do an excellent job with acne, renew, rejuvenate the skin and do not have a long rehabilitation. In second place are peels with fruit acids - these are glycolic, citric, lactic, pyruvic acids. It is difficult to say which acid peels are the best of these, since they all make the skin fresher, fight photoaging and affect pigmentation. 

  • Very popular retinol peeling(also called yellow). It belongs to the superficial-median and triggers the natural processes of skin rejuvenation at the dermal level. It also exfoliates the skin well and does an excellent job with hyperpigmentation. Retinol is very common in cosmetology, and in addition to professional use, it is very often included in conventional cosmetics. They are treated with rashes, pigment, photoaging of the skin caused by ultraviolet light. 

  • TCA peels. They contain trichloroacetic acids, which used to be very aggressive and had a rehabilitation period of two weeks to a month, therefore, enjoyed little popularity. However, in recent years, new formulations of TCA-peels have appeared, which include transdermal carriers that deliver the substance directly to the dermis without damaging the epidermis. 

How often can you apply?

Medium and deep can be used only in the autumn-winter period because burned skin is very vulnerable to the sun and hyperpigmentation can occur in response to injury. Modern and superficial peels without rehabilitation can be used at any time of the year. The most popular scheme of application is 1-2 superficial with an interval of 1-2 weeks, and then the median or superficial-median courses of 3-4 with an interval of 2 to 4 weeks. 

Peelings, like any cosmological procedure, there are contraindications: infectious diseases, including herpes, skin diseases in the stage of exacerbation, trauma and wounds on the skin, a tendency to form scars, a built-up stage of acne, individual intolerance to the components of the product.

Usually after the procedure beautician prescribes home care... Emollients and fatty creams to help the epidermis regenerate faster. These cosmetics contain urea, ceramides, panthenol, aloe and other moisturizing ingredients. And, of course, sunscreen is prescribed without fail.

If your care contains products containing retinol, acids, you should tell your doctor about it or cancel them yourself during the peeling period. 

Home peels and care after them

Home care is most commonly prescribed peels with fruit acids or retinol... Also, many products contain glycolic acid, because it is as safe as possible, but at the same time it copes well with acne, wrinkles and pigment. You can also try peeling that contains collagen.

If acids are part of the cream, then it is advisable to use it at night every day. If home care is not a cream, but a peeling, then, on the contrary, cannot be used daily... As a rule, it is used 1-2 times a week. How many times will depend on the concentration: the less it is, the more often it can be applied. 

The frequency of use also depends on the type of skin. If she is very sensitive, it is better to refrain from peeling at home. If you want to give your skin freshness and radiance, you can, for example, make masks with vitamin C. It is a natural antioxidant, neutralizes the action of free radicals, and has a slight brightening effect.

If the skin is tight and there are rashes(but not purulent!), then you can safely apply peeling twice a week. Important: do not fall asleep with him, you can get burned from this. Keep it on your face from 3 to 15 minutes, depending on the brand and composition. After you wash it off, apply a cream from the same line as the peeling, or any moisturizer.